Species of Crows

Interesting Facts about Ravens and Crows (Raven Intelligence and Adaptations) – includes Videos

Physical and Behavioral Differences Between Crows and Ravens

Crow Information

American Crow

Holarctic Crow Species

  • Common Raven (Corvus corax) – Found across the northern hemisphere. It is the most widely distributed of all crows
    • Pied Raven, (Corvus corax varius morpha leucophaeus (a color variant) – Previously found on the Faroe Islands (situated halfway between Scotland and Iceland.). Considered extinct since mid-20th Century.

North and Central American Crow Species

  • American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) – Found in the United States, southern Canada, and Northern Mexico
  • Chihuahuan Raven (Corvus cryptoleucus) –
  • Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus), – Found on the Eastern U.S. coast, Southeastern U.S. through Florida, west along major rivers to Oklahoma and Texas
  • Northwestern Crow (Corvus caurinus) – Found from the Olympic Peninsula to Southwest Alaska
  • Tamaulipas Crow (Corvus imparatus) – Found in the Gulf of Mexico coast from Nuevo León east to Rio Grande delta, south to Tampico, Tamaulipas
  • Sinaloan Crow (Corvus sinaloae) – Found on the Pacific coast from Sonora to Colima
  • Jamaican Crow (Corvus jamaicensis) – Found in Jamaica
  • White-necked Crow (Corvus leucognaphalus ) – Found in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico
  • Palm Crow (Corvus palmarum) – Found in Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic
  • Cuban Crow (Corvus nasicus) – Fouund in Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, and on the Grand Caicos Island

Eurasian and North African Crow Species

  • Brown-necked Raven (Corvus ruficollis) – Found in North Africa, down to Kenya, the Arabian peninsula and up into the Middle East and southern Iran
  • Fan-tailed Raven (Corvus rhipidurus) – Found in the Middle East east to North Africa across the Air Massif in the southern Sahara, south to Sudan and Kenya
  • Western Jackdow or Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) – Found in the British Isles and Western Europe, Scandinavia, Northern Asia, and Northern Africa
  • Rook (Corvus frugilegus) – Found in Europe, Asia, and New Zealand
  • Hooded Crow (Corvus [corone] cornix) – Found inNorthern and Western Europe through Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq; but in the United Kingdom, it is found only in Northwestern Scotland and Northern Ireland as the Carrion Crow is more common on most of the British mainland
    • Mesopotamian Crow or Iraq Pied Crow (Corvus [corone] capellanus) – Found from Southern Iraq to extreme Southwest Iran
  • Carrion Crow (Corvus corone) – Found in Western Europe from British Isles to Germany, and in Eastern Asia
    • Eastern Carrion Crow (Corvus [corone] orientalis) – Found in Eurasia and Northern Africa

Tropical African species

  • Cape Crow or Black Crow or Cape Rook (Corvus capensis) – Found in Eastern and Southern Africa)
  • Pied Crow (Corvus albus) – Found from the Central African coasts to southern
  • Somali Crow or Dwarf Raven (Corvus edithae) – Found in Northeast Africa
  • Thick-billed Raven (Corvus crassirostris) – Found in Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia
  • White-necked Raven (Corvus albicollis) – Found in eastern and southern Africa

Australian and Melanesian Crow Species

  • Australian Raven (Corvus coronoides) – Common throughout eastern, southern Australia and southern Western Australia
  • Forest Raven (Corvus tasmanicus) – Inhabits the island state of Tasmania as well as other parts of south-eastern Australia
    • Relict Raven (Corvus (t.) boreus) – Found in north-eastern New South Wales
  • Little Crow (Corvus bennetti) – Found in western and central Australia
  • Little Raven (Corvus mellori) – Found in southeastern Australia from southern South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales
  • Torresian Crow or Australian Crow (Corvus orru) – Found in Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands
  • New Caledonian Crow (Corvus moneduloides) – Found in New Caledonia and on the Loyalty Islands
  • Long-billed Crow Corvus validus) – Found on the Northern Moluccas
  • White-billed Crow (Corvus woodfordi) – Found in the central part of the Solomon Islands, specifically on the islands of Choiseul, Isabel and Guadalcanal
  • Bougainville Crow or Solomon Islands Crow (Corvus meeki) – Found in the Northern Solomon Islands
  • Brown-headed Crow (Corvus fuscicapillus) – Found in New Guinea
  • Grey Crow or Bare-faced Crow (Corvus tristis) – Found in New Guinea and neighboring islands

New Zealand Crow Species

Pacific Island Crow Species

  • Mariana Crow or Aga (Corvus kubaryi) – Found in Guam and Rota
  • Hawaiian Crow or ‘Alala (Corvus hawaiiensis, formerly Corvus tropicus) – Formerly found on the Island of Hawaii – now considered extinct in the wild

Tropical Asian Crow Species

  • Slender-billed Crow (Corvus enca) – Found in Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia
    • Violaceous Crow (Corvus [enca] violaceus) – Found in the Philippines, Ceram, and the Moluccas
  • Piping Crow or Celebes Pied Crow (Corvus typicus) – Found in Sulawesi, Muna, Butung
  • Banggai Crow (Corvus unicolor) – Found on Banggai Island – possibly extinct, but recently rediscovered
  • Flores Crow (Corvus florensis) – Found on the Flores Island (image unavailable)
  • Collared Crow or Ring-necked Crow, White-collared Crow (Corvus torquatus) – Found in Eastern China, south into Vietnam)
  • Daurian Jackdaw (Corvus dauuricus) – Found from Eastern Europe to Eastern Japan and occasionally in Scandinavia)
  • House Crow or Indian House Crow (Corvus splendens) – Found on the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and East Africa
  • Large-billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos) – Found in Eastern Asia, the Himalayas, and the Philippines
    • Jungle Crow (Corvus [macrorhynchos] levaillantii) – Found in India and Burma
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Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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