Hummingbird Species

Hummingbirds found in the USA (by U.S. State)


Allen’s Hummingbirds (Selasphorus sasin)

Amazilia Hummingbirds (Amazilia amazilia)

Amethyst-throated Hummingbirds (Lampornis amethystinus)

Anna’s Hummingbirds (Calypte anna)

Antillean Crested (Orthorhyncus cristatus)

Bearded Helmetcrest (Oxypogon guerinii)

Bearded Mountaineer (Oreonympha nobilis)

Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae) – The Smallest Bird in the World

Berylline (Amazilia beryllina)

Black-bellied (Eupherusa nigriventris)

Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri)

Black-crested Coquette (Lophornis helenae)

Black-eared Fairy (Heliothryx auritus)

Black-tailed Trainbearers (Lesbia victoriae)

Black-throated Brilliants (Heliodoxa schreibersii)

Blue-chested (Amazilia amabilis)

Blue-chinned Sapphire (Chlorestes notatus)

Blue-headed Sapphire (Hylocharis grayi) – also sometimes referred to as Gray’s or Puritan Sapphires

Blue Hummingbirds

Blue-tailed (Amazilia cyanura)

Blue-throated (Lampornis clemenciae)

Blue-throated Sapphire or Blue-Throated Goldentail (Hylocharis eliciae)

Booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii)

Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda)

Broad-billed (Cynanthus latirostris)

Broad-tailed (Selasphorus platycercus)

Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer aka Red-footed Plumeleteer (Chalybura urochrysia)

Bronzy or Bronze Incas (Coeligena coeligena)

Brown Inca (Coeligena wilsoni)

Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae)

Buff-bellied (Amazilia yucatanensis)

Buff-tailed Coronet (Boissonneaua flavescens)

Bumblebee (Atthis heloisa)

Calliope (Stellula calliope)

Canivet’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii) – also known as Fork-tailed Emeralds

Charming (Amazilia decora) aka Beryl-crowned Hummingbird

Chestnut-breasted Coronet (Boissonneaua matthewsii)

Cinnamon (Amazilia rutila)

Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)

Copper-rumped (Amazilia tobaci)

Costa’s (Calypte costae)

Ecuadorian Hillstar (Oreotrochilus chimborazo)

Ecuadorian Piedtails (Phlogophilus hemileucurus) – Hummingbirds

Empress Brilliant (Heliodoxa imperatrix)

Escudo (Amazilia tzacatl handleyi)

Emerald-chinned (Abeillia abeillei)

Emerald: Ranges: Central and South America, as well as Puerto Rico

Fawn-breasted Brilliant (Heliodoxa rubinoides)

Fiery-tailed Awlbill (Avocettula recurvirostris)

Fiery-throated (Panterpe insignis)

Fork-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon canivetii) – also known as Canivet’s Emeralds

Fork-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)

Giant (Patagona gigas)

Golden-tailed Sapphire (Chrysuronia oenone)

Gould’s Inca (Coeligena inca)

Gould’s Jewelfronts – Hummingbirds (Heliodoxa aurescens)

Great Saphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus)

Green-bellied (Amazilia viridigaster)

Green-crowned Brilliant (Heliodoxa jacula)

Green-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania fannyi)

Green-tailed Goldenthroat (Polytmus theresiae)

Green-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia nuna) – also known as Little Long-tailed Sylphs

Green-throated Carib (Eulampis holosericeus)

Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)

Grey / Gray-tailed Mountain Gem (Lampornis cinereicauda)

Hermits (Phaethornis longirostris) – ID: Plumage is typically brown, rufous, green and grey, and other than a slight sheen, they generally don’t have the iridescent plumage of hummingbirds. – Ranges: Southern Mexico, through Central America, to South America as far south as northern Argentina.

Jacobins (genus: Florisuga) – Ranges: Mexico, Caribbean, Central and South American natives

Lancebills (Doryfera))

Long-billed Starthroat (Heliomaster longirostris)

Lucifer, Calothorax lucifer

Loja (Amazilia alticola)

Magnificent (Eugenes fulgens)

Mangrove (Amazilia boucardi)

MangosRanges: Mexico, Caribbean, Central and South America

Many-spotted (Taphrospilus hypostictus)

Marvellous Spatuletails (Loddigesia mirabilis)

Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi)

Mountain-gems (Southwestern United States south to Central America (Isthmus of Panama)

Plain-capped Starthroat (Heliomaster constantii)

Pufflegs (from South America)

Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini

Purple-crowned Fairies  (Heliothryx barroti)

Purple-throated Caribs (Eulampis jugularis)

Purple-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis calolaema) (Eugenes fulgens)

Rainbow-bearded Thornbill (Chalcostigma herrani)

Rainbow Starfrontlet (Coeligena iris)

Red-footed Plumeleteer aka Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer (Chalybura urochrysia)

Red-tailed Comets (Sappho sparganura)

Ruby-Throated (Archilochus colubris)

Ruby-topaz (Chrysolampis mosquitus)

Rufous-crested Coquette (Lophornis delattrei)

Rufous (Selasphorus rufus)

Rufous-tailed (Amazilia tzacatl)

Sabrewings (genus: Campylopterus) – Ranges: Relatively large hummingbirds that mostly occur naturally in Central and South America (some in Mexico)

Salvin’s Emerald, (Chlorostilbon mellisugus / canivetii salvini)

Sapphire-throated (Lepidopyga coeruleogularis

Scaly-breasted (Phaeochroa cuvierii)

Scintillant (Selasphorus scintilla)

Sheartails (Typical)

Shining-Green (Lepidopyga goudoti) – also known as Goudot’s Hummingbird or Luminous Hummingbird

Shining Sunbeam (Aglaeactis cupripennis)

Snowcap (Microchera albocoronata)

Snowy-breasted or Snowy-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia edward)

Sombre (Aphantochroa cirrochloris, syn. Campylopterus cirrochloris)

Sparkling-tailed Woodstar (Tilmatura dupontii), also known as the Sparkling-Tailed Hummingbird

Sparkling Violetear (Colibri coruscans)

Speckled (Adelomyia melanogenys)

Steely-vented (Amazilia saucerrottei)

Sunangels (genus: Heliangelus) – Range: South America

Streamertails (genus: Trochilus) – Range: Jamaica

Sword-billed (Ensifera ensifera)

Sylph (Genus: Aglaiocercus)

Tooth-billed (Androdon aequatorialis)


Tufted Coquettes (Lophornis ornatus)

Tumbes (Leucippus baeri)

Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)

Volcano (Selasphorus flammula)

White-eared (Hylocharis leucotis)

White-tailed (Eupherusa poliocerca)

White-tailed Hillstar (Urochroa bougueri)

White-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis castaneoventris)

Wire-crested Thorntails (Discosura popelairii)

Woodnymphs (Thalurania)

Velvet-purple Coronet (Boissonneaua jardini)

Vervain (Mellisuga minima)

Violet-bellied (Damophila julie)

Violet-crowned (Amazilia violiceps)

Violet-fronted Brilliant (Heliodoxa leadbeateri)

Violet-headed (Klais guimeti)

Viridian Metaltail (Metallura williami)

Volcano (Selasphorus flammula)

White-chinned Sapphire (Hylocharis cyanus)

White-crested Coquette (Lophornis adorabilis)

White-vented Plumeleteers (Chalybura buffonii)

White-vented Violetear (Colibri serrirostris)

WoodstarsRanges: Mostly South America, but also one Central American species and one from the Bahamas

Xantus’ (Hylocharis xantusii)

Hummingbird Resources


Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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