Thrushes (Family: Turdidae)

The Thrushes are a group of perching birds that occur mainly, but not exclusively, in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground.

American Robin

The Thrushes are a group of perching birds that occur mainly, but not exclusively, in the Old World.


They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground.

Many have attractive songs.

Families / Subspecies

Genus Turdus: True Thrushes

  • Blackbird or Common Blackbird, Turdus merula
  • Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
  • Karoo Thrush, Turdus smithi
  • Taita Thrush, Turdus helleri
  • Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyana
  • Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
  • Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
  • Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
  • Redwing, Turdus iliacus
  • African Thrush, Turdus pelios
  • Indian Blackbird, Turdus simillimus
  • Tibetan Blackbird, Turdus maximus
  • Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
  • Abyssinian Thrush, Turdus abyssinicus
  • Usambara Thrush, Turdus roehli
  • Somali Thrush or Somali Blackbird, Turdus ludoviciae
  • São Tomé Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
  • Príncipe Thrush, Turdus xanthorhynchus
  • Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
  • Tickell’s Thrush, Turdus unicolor: It is common in open forest in the Himalaya. Populations move further south in India in winter. Tickell’s Thrushes are omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms and berries. They nest in bushes or similar. They do not form flocks. Males of this small thrush have uniform blue-grey upperparts, and a whitish belly and vent. Females and young birds have browner upperparts.
  • Kessler’s Thrush, Turdus kessleri
  • Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
  • Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
  • Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
  • Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
  • Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
  • Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
  • Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
  • Comoros Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
  • Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
  • Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
  • White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
  • Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
  • Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
  • Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
  • Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
  • Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
  • Red-throated Thrush or Dark-throated Thrush, Turdus ruficollis
  • Black-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
  • Naumann’s Thrush, Turdus naumanni
  • Dusky Thrush, Turdus eunomus
  • Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
  • Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
  • Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
  • Sooty Thrush or Sooty Robin, Turdus nigrescens
  • Black Thrush, Turdus infuscatus
  • Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
  • Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
  • Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
  • Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
  • Marañón Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
  • Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
  • Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
  • Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
  • Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
  • Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
  • Mountain Thrush, Turdus plebejus
  • Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
  • Lawrence’s Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
  • Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
  • Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
  • Hauxwell’s Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
  • Clay-colored Thrush or Clay-colored Robin, Turdus grayi
  • Spectacled Thrush, Bare-eyed Thrush or Yellow-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
  • Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
  • Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
  • Várzea Thrush, Turdus sanchezorum
  • White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
  • White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
  • White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
  • Rufous-backed Thrush, Turdus rufopalliatus
  • Rufous-collared Thrush, Turdus rufitorques
  • American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  • La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
  • White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius
  • Pale-eyed Thrush, Turdus leucops
  • Yellow-legged Thrush, Turdus flavipes
  • Forest Thrush, Turdus lherminieri

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus frantzii Genus Platycichla

  • Pale-eyed Thrush, Platycichla (Turdus) leucops
  • Yellow-legged Thrush, Platycichla (Turdus) flavipes

Genus Nesocichla: Tristan Thrush or Starchy

Genus Cichlherminia: Forest Thrush

Genus Psophocichla: Groundscraper Thrush

Genus Zoothera: Asian thrushes

Genus Geokichla

  • Slaty-backed Thrush, Geokichla schistacea
  • Pied Thrush, Geokichla wardii
  • Ashy Thrush, Geokichla cinerea
  • Orange-sided Thrush, Geokichla peronii
  • Orange-headed Thrush, Geokichla citrina
  • Spot-winged Thrush, Geokichla spiloptera
  • Siberian Thrush, Geokichla sibirica
  • Abyssinian Ground Thrush, Geokichla piaggiae
  • Crossley’s Ground Thrush, Geokichla crossleyi
  • Orange Ground Thrush, Geokichla gurneyi Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus gracilirostris
  • Black-eared Ground Thrush, Geokichla cameronensis
  • Grey Ground Thrush, Geokichla princei
  • Spotted Ground Thrush, Geokichla guttata
  • Oberländer’s Ground Thrush, Geokichla oberlaenderi
  • Buru Thrush, Geokichla dumasi
  • Seram Thrush, Geokichla joiceyi
  • Chestnut-capped Thrush, Geokichla interpres
  • Enggano Thrush, Geokichla leucolaema
  • Red-backed Thrush, Geokichla erythronota
  • Red-and-black Thrush, Geokichla mendeni
  • Chestnut-backed Thrush, Geokichla dohertyi

Genus Hyocichla: Wood Thrush

Genus Ridgwayia: Aztec Thrush

Genus Ixoreus: Varied Thrush

Genus Geomalia: Geomalia / Sulawesi Mountain-Thrush

Genus Cataponera: Sulawesi Thrush

Genus Sialia: Bluebirds

Genus Grandala

Genus Cichlopsis: Rufous-brown Solitaire

  • White-eared Solitaire, Entomodestes leucotis
  • Black Solitaire, Entomodestes coracinus

Genus Myadestes: Solitaires

  • Townsend’s Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
  • Black-faced Solitaire, Myadestes melanops
  • Brown-backed Solitaire, Myadestes occidentalis
  • Cuban Solitaire, Myadestes elisabeth
  • Varied Solitaire, Myadestes coloratus
  • Rufous-throated Solitaire, Myadestes genibarbis
  • Slate-coloured Solitaire, Myadestes unicolor
  • Andean Solitaire, Myadestes ralloides
  • Oloma?o, Myadestes lanaiensis
  • ?ma?o, Myadestes obscurus
  • Puaiohi or Small Kaua?i Thrush, Myadestes palmeri

Genus Neocossyphus: Rufous Thrushes

Genus Cochoa: Cochoas

Genus Chlamydochaera: Fruithunter

Genus Alethe: Alethes

  • White-tailed Alethe, Alethe diademata
  • Fire-crested Alethe Alethe castanea

Genus Pseudalethe: Alethes

  • Brown-chested Alethe, Pseudalethe poliocephala
  • Red-throated Alethe, Pseudalethe poliophrys
  • Thyolo Alethe, Pseudalethe choloensis
  • White-chested Alethe, Pseudalethe fuelleborni

Genus Catharus: Nightingale Thrushes / Typical American Thrushes

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Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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