Backyard Birds


Thrushes (Family: Turdidae)

The Thrushes are a group of perching birds that occur mainly, but not exclusively, in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground.

American Robin

The Thrushes are a group of perching birds that occur mainly, but not exclusively, in the Old World.


They are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground.

Many have attractive songs.

Families / Subspecies

Genus Turdus: True Thrushes

  • Blackbird or Common Blackbird, Turdus merula
  • Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
  • Karoo Thrush, Turdus smithi
  • Taita Thrush, Turdus helleri
  • Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyana
  • Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
  • Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
  • Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
  • Redwing, Turdus iliacus
  • African Thrush, Turdus pelios
  • Indian Blackbird, Turdus simillimus
  • Tibetan Blackbird, Turdus maximus
  • Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
  • Abyssinian Thrush, Turdus abyssinicus
  • Usambara Thrush, Turdus roehli
  • Somali Thrush or Somali Blackbird, Turdus ludoviciae
  • São Tomé Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
  • Príncipe Thrush, Turdus xanthorhynchus
  • Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
  • Tickell’s Thrush, Turdus unicolor: It is common in open forest in the Himalaya. Populations move further south in India in winter. Tickell’s Thrushes are omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms and berries. They nest in bushes or similar. They do not form flocks. Males of this small thrush have uniform blue-grey upperparts, and a whitish belly and vent. Females and young birds have browner upperparts.
  • Kessler’s Thrush, Turdus kessleri
  • Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolausRed-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
  • Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
  • Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
  • Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
  • Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
  • Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
  • Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
  • Comoros Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
  • Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
  • Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
  • White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
  • Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
  • Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
  • Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
  • Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
  • Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
  • Red-throated Thrush or Dark-throated Thrush, Turdus ruficollis
  • Black-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
  • Naumann’s Thrush, Turdus naumanni
  • Dusky Thrush, Turdus eunomus
  • Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
  • Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
  • Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
  • Sooty Thrush or Sooty Robin, Turdus nigrescens
  • Black Thrush, Turdus infuscatus
  • Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
  • Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
  • Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
  • Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
  • Marañón Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
  • Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
  • Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
  • Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
  • Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
  • Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
  • Mountain Thrush, Turdus plebejus
  • Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
  • Lawrence’s Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
  • Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
  • Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
  • Hauxwell’s Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
  • Clay-colored Thrush or Clay-colored Robin, Turdus grayi
  • Spectacled Thrush, Bare-eyed Thrush or Yellow-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
  • Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
  • Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
  • Várzea Thrush, Turdus sanchezorum
  • White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
  • White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
  • White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
  • Rufous-backed Thrush, Turdus rufopalliatus
  • Rufous-collared Thrush, Turdus rufitorques
  • American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  • La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
  • White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius
  • Pale-eyed Thrush, Turdus leucops
  • Yellow-legged Thrush, Turdus flavipes
  • Forest Thrush, Turdus lherminieri

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus frantzii

Genus Platycichla

  • Pale-eyed Thrush, Platycichla (Turdus) leucops
  • Yellow-legged Thrush, Platycichla (Turdus) flavipes

Genus Nesocichla: Tristan Thrush or Starchy

Genus Cichlherminia: Forest Thrush

Genus Psophocichla: Groundscraper Thrush

Genus Zoothera: Asian thrushes

Genus Geokichla

  • Slaty-backed Thrush, Geokichla schistacea
  • Pied Thrush, Geokichla wardii
  • Ashy Thrush, Geokichla cinerea
  • Orange-sided Thrush, Geokichla peronii
  • Orange-headed Thrush, Geokichla citrina
  • Spot-winged Thrush, Geokichla spiloptera
  • Siberian Thrush, Geokichla sibirica
  • Abyssinian Ground Thrush, Geokichla piaggiae
  • Crossley’s Ground Thrush, Geokichla crossleyi
  • Orange Ground Thrush, Geokichla gurneyiBlack-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Catharus gracilirostris
  • Black-eared Ground Thrush, Geokichla cameronensis
  • Grey Ground Thrush, Geokichla princei
  • Spotted Ground Thrush, Geokichla guttata
  • Oberländer’s Ground Thrush, Geokichla oberlaenderi
  • Buru Thrush, Geokichla dumasi
  • Seram Thrush, Geokichla joiceyi
  • Chestnut-capped Thrush, Geokichla interpres
  • Enggano Thrush, Geokichla leucolaema
  • Red-backed Thrush, Geokichla erythronota
  • Red-and-black Thrush, Geokichla mendeni
  • Chestnut-backed Thrush, Geokichla dohertyi

Genus Hyocichla: Wood Thrush

Genus Ridgwayia: Aztec Thrush

Genus Ixoreus: Varied Thrush

Genus Geomalia: Geomalia / Sulawesi Mountain-Thrush

Genus Cataponera: Sulawesi Thrush

Genus Sialia: Bluebirds

Genus Grandala

Genus Cichlopsis: Rufous-brown Solitaire

  • White-eared Solitaire, Entomodestes leucotis
  • Black Solitaire, Entomodestes coracinus

Genus Myadestes: Solitaires

  • Townsend’s Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
  • Black-faced Solitaire, Myadestes melanops
  • Brown-backed Solitaire, Myadestes occidentalis
  • Cuban Solitaire, Myadestes elisabeth
  • Varied Solitaire, Myadestes coloratus
  • Rufous-throated Solitaire, Myadestes genibarbis
  • Slate-coloured Solitaire, Myadestes unicolor
  • Andean Solitaire, Myadestes ralloides
  • Oloma?o, Myadestes lanaiensis
  • ?ma?o, Myadestes obscurus
  • Puaiohi or Small Kaua?i Thrush, Myadestes palmeri

Genus Neocossyphus: Rufous Thrushes

Genus Cochoa: Cochoas

Genus Chlamydochaera: Fruithunter

Genus Alethe: Alethes

  • White-tailed Alethe, Alethe diademata
  • Fire-crested Alethe Alethe castanea

Genus Pseudalethe: Alethes

  • Brown-chested Alethe, Pseudalethe poliocephala
  • Red-throated Alethe, Pseudalethe poliophrys
  • Thyolo Alethe, Pseudalethe choloensis
  • White-chested Alethe, Pseudalethe fuelleborni

Genus Catharus: Nightingale Thrushes / Typical American Thrushes



Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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