The Orange-headed Ground Thrush (Zoothera citrina) is a thrush that is common in well-wooded areas of India, China, and Southeast Asia. Most populations are resident. The species shows a preference for shady damp areas and can be quite secretive. They do not form flocks.
The race Zoothera citrina cyanotus is a resident in the hills of southern India and the Western Ghats. They have a white throat and two black stripes running below the eyes. This race is known locally as the White-throated Ground Thrush.
Males of this small thrush have uniform grey upperparts, and orange heads and underparts. Females and young birds are duller, with brown upperparts.
Diet / Feeding:
Orange-headed Thrushes are omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, and fruit.
Terry Gonsolvis (a breeder located in Bristol, UK) feeds mainly on earthworms when young are in the nest; and out of the breeding season, the diet he provides consists of mealworms and minced morsels – which is a dog food with grated cheese.
Breeding / Nesting:
In their natural habitat, these ground thrushes nest in trees.
Terry Gonsolvis recommends: “One very important factor is to separate the breeding pair of the breeding season otherwise the male could kill the female. The cock bird has a beautiful song and is a joy to watch.