Wild Birds

Rufous-throated White-eyes

The Rufous-throated White-eyes (Madanga ruficollis) is a species of bird in the Zosteropidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Madanga, with no close relatives.


The bird has distinct coloration and body features which distinguish it from other Zosterops genuses within the Zosteropidae family, namely lack of the characteristic white eye-ring; longer toes, wing and tail, and the pointed shape of the rectrices (part of the tail).


It is endemic to the moist, mountainous, subtropical and tropical forests of the Indonesian island Buru.

The bird was initially described from four specimens collected in April 1922 from one area in the western part of the island, near the settlement Wa Fehat, at elevations between 820 m (2,690 ft) and 1,500 m (4,900 ft). These observations were reproduced on two birds in December 1995 at Wakeika, at elevation of 1,460 m (4,790 ft); changes in the bird’s habitat at Wa Fehat were also noted in 1995. The bird was observed only in a few localities and neither its habitat area not population are reliably known.

The population is estimated at more than several hundred individuals, and the habitat at several hundreds km² from the available on Buru area above 1,200 meters (872 km²) and above 1,500 m (382 km²); the birds are believed to disperse over their habitat rather than form groups. Because the species are restricted to a single island and its habitat is threatened by logging and other human activities, it is listed as endangered by the IUCN since 1996

Diet / Feeding

The Rufous-throated White-eyes most likely eats small invertebrates recovered from bark and lichen.


  1. BirdLife International 2008.0. Madanga ruficollis. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4
  2. Rufous-throated White-eye, Hokkaido Institute of Environmental Sciences and Japan Science and Technology Agency

Further Reading


Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button