Wild Birds

Pacific-slope Flycatchers or Western Flycatchers

The Pacific-slope Flycatchers (Empidonax difficilis) is a small insectivorous bird of the family Tyrannidae.

Distribution / Habitat:

It is native to coastal regions of western North America as far north as British Columbia but is replaced in the inland regions by the Cordilleran Flycatcher. These two species were formerly considered a single species known as the Western Flycatcher.

In winter, both species migrate south to Mexico, where they are virtually indistinguishable from one another.


In plumage, the Pacific-slope Flycatcher is virtually identical to the Cordilleran Flycatcher and differs only subtly from most Empidonax flycatchers in North America, but its breeding habitat and calls are different.

Diet / Feeding:

In summer, the Pacific slope Flycatcher inhabits deciduous or mixed woodlands, hawking for insects from a hidden perch.


Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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