Quetzals are brightly-colored birds that occur naturally in the tropical regions of the Americas.
- Crested Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus) – Found in South America – in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.
- Golden-headed Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus auriceps): Found in Panama south through Colombia and Venezuela to Northern Bolivia.
- White-tipped Quetzal (Pharomachrus fulgidus) – Found in South America: Venezuela, Colombia, and Guyana.
- Resplendent Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus mocinno): Found in southern Mexico south through Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica to western Panama.
- Pavonine Quetzal (Pharomachrus pavoninus) – Found in the Amazon Basin of the North Region, Brazil, Amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and northern Bolivia; also regions of Venezuela.
- Eared Quetzal (Pharomachrus antisianus neoxenus) – Found in Mexico, with some rare records from southwestern United States.