Wild Birds

Great Maui Rails or Great Maui Crakes

Great Maui Rails or Great Maui Crakes

The Great Maui Rail or Great Maui Crake (Porzana severnsi) is an extinct bird species from Maui, one of two flightless rails that have survived on Maui until people arrived in 150 C.E.


It was the larger of two species of Rail found on the island of Maui, Hawaii. Several specimens of this bird were found in early settlements.

It was 1 foot 3 inches (38 cm) tall. Its beak was 0.75 inches (2 cm) inch long; its neck was 8.5 inches (22 cm) inches long. It was probably brown and grey and black like its recently extinct relatives the Hawaiian Rail and Laysan Rail.

It was flightless due to its small wings that were on average less than 4 inches long.

Diet / Feeding

It probably feed on the fruits, leaves, and flowers of trees that fell onto the ground, preferably that of ‘?hi‘a lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha), Mamane (Sophora chrysophylla), and Lobelia spp.


It cause of extinction is not very well known but it was likely hunted for meat, and its bones and feathers were used in old style art. It may have also have been attacked by Polynesian Rats that were brought by the natives by accident.

Copyright: Wikipedia. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from Wikipedia.org

Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. Please contact them directly with respect to any copyright or licensing questions. Thank you

Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button