Brown Shrikes (Lanius cristatus)
Distribution / Range
This bird breeds across central and eastern Asia. It is migratory, wintering south to India, Southeast Asia, and Indonesia.
In winter, Brown Shrike is found in secondary forests, often close to human habitation. This species is a rare vagrant to Europe and has been recorded in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Nesting / Breeding
A wide range of habitats is used for breeding, from taiga and deciduous forest to semi-desert. It builds its nest in a tree or bush, laying 2-6 eggs.
Diet / Feeding
The food is mainly insects and small birds and mammals, caught by a sally from a prominent perch. This is a typical shrike hunting technique.
The Brown Shrike is a small shrike. Like its relatives, it is long-tailed and perches quite upright.
The adult male’s upper parts and crown are darkish brown. The face is white with the typical shrike black “bandit mask” through the eye. Underparts are yellowish buff, although the hues vary somewhat between the different races.
Females are less contrasted and have a greyer crown.
Immature Brown Shrikes are scalloped on the underparts.
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