Wild Birds

Sulawesi Hawk-eagles or Celebes Hawk-eagles

The Sulawesi Hawk-eagles, Nisaetus lanceolatus (earlier placed under Spizaetus) is also known as the Celebes Hawk-eagle.



It is a medium-sized, approximately 64cm long, crestless brown raptor in the family Accipitridae.

The adults have rufous-brown, boldly marked head and chest feathers, dark brown wings, and black-barred white below.

The young has a white head and underparts.


An Indonesian endemic, the Sulawesi Hawk-eagles are distributed in the rainforests of Sulawesi and its satellite islands of Buton, Muna, Banggai, and Sula Islands.

Widespread throughout its habitat range, the Sulawesi Hawk-eagle is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES.

Diet / Feeding

The diet consists mainly of birds, lizards, snakes, and mammals.


  1. BirdLife International (2004). Spizaetus lanceolatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 8 February 2007. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern AJ, Kocum A, Seibold I and Braun MJ (2005) A multi-gene phylogeny of aquiline eagles (Aves: Accipitriformes) reveals extensive paraphyly at the genus level. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 35(1):147-164 PDF

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Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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