Distribution / Breeding:
It breeds in southern Siberia across northern China and northern Japan. It is migratory, wintering in northeast India, southern China, and northern Southeast Asia. It is a very rare wanderer to Western Europe.
It winters close to the water in agricultural or other open bushy habitats.
The Black-faced Buntings breeds in dense undergrowth along streams and rivers in the taiga zone, and lays four or five eggs in a ground or tree nest.
Diet / Food:
Its natural food consists of insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds.
Black-faced Buntings bird’s general appearance and terrestrial feeding habits give the impression of a Dunnock with a bunting’s bill. It is similar in size to a Reed Bunting at about 16 cm long. The breeding male has a dark grey head with a mix of yellow green and black between the bill and eye. The upperparts are brown and heavily streaked with black, except on the rump. The rump is brown and the tail is also dark brown. The underparts are yellowish-white with some fine dark brown flank streaks. The stout bill is pink.
Females and young birds have a weaker head pattern, with olive-grey cheeks and a weak creamy white supercilium. The underparts are creamy yellow and heavily streaked with dark brown.
Call / Song:
The bird’s call is like a tzii or tzee. It sounds very “metallic” and it is very short and not exactly a song at all.
- Massey, Joseph A., et al. (1982) A Field Guide to the Birds of Japan. Tokyo: Wild Bird Society of Japan. pg. 274.
- Buntings and Sparrows by Byers, Olsson and Curson, ISBN 1-873403-19-4
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