The Hispaniolan Woodpecker (Melanerpes striatus) are only found on a couple of Caribbean islands in the Greater Antilles.
Distribution / Habitat
These woodpeckers occur naturally on the large island of Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) and the nearby small island of Beata.
Their range extends from the coasts across the deserts to the mountains – from sea level up to at least 7,900 feet (~ 2,400 meters).
This medium-sized woodpecker has a black and yellow-striped back. The rump is olive-grey. Their tail base is bright red while the tail itself is black. The cheeks are grey. The plumage below is buffy-olive.
Males can be identified by the dark red stripe that extends from the forehead to the neck. They also have distinctively longer bills.
In females, the red stripe extends only from the nape to the neck.
Diet / Feeding
Hispaniolan Woodpecker feed on fruits, insects and tree sap. They are often found in fruit orchards, where they may be considered agricultural pests.
Breeding / Nesting
Unlike most other woodpeckers, the Hispaniolan Woodpecker breed in loose colonies of up to 20 pairs to protect the nest sites.
They nest in tree cavities.
Calls / Vocalizations / Sounds
Alternate (Global) Names
Czech: Datel haitský … Chinese: ????? … Danish: Haitispætte … Dutch: Hispaniolaspecht, Hispaniola-specht … Estonian: haiti leeträhn … Finnish: Haitintikka … French: Pic d’Hispaniola … German: Haiti Specht, Haitispecht … Italian: Picchio di Hispaniola … Japanese: hisupaniorashimasegera … Norwegian: Hispaniolaspett … Polish: dzieciur plowy, dzi?ciur p?owy … Russian: ?????????? ?????????? … Slovak: tesárik plavý … Spanish: Carpintero, Carpintero de la Española, Carpintero Dominicano … Swedish: Haitispett