Bell Miners or Bellbirds (Australian)

The Bell Miners, Manorina melanophrys, also known as Bellbird, is a colonial honeyeater endemic to southeastern Australia.

Diet / Feeding

They were given their common name because they feed almost exclusively on the dome-like coverings of certain psyllid bugs, referred to as “bell lerps,” that feed on eucalyptus sap from the leaves.

The “bell lerps” make these domes from their own honeydew secretions in order to protect themselves from predators and the environment.


Bell miners are aggressive birds that defend their colony area communally, excluding most other passerine species. They do this in order to protect their territory from other insect-eating birds that would eat the bell lerps they live off of. Whenever bell miners undergo a population boom, the local forests die back due to increased lerp psyllid infestations.

Bellminer Parent feeding its chick


In some Aboriginal tribes the Bell miner is considered a special delicacy which is highly valued. The Bell Miner is ritually sacrificed by having the head removed and pickled or embalmed while the body or “Peese” (Pronounced “piece”) is eaten after being skinned. After being pickled the head is used in native medicines.

Photo Gallery

Bell Miner
Bell Miner or Australian Bellbird
Bellminer (Australian)
Bell Miner

Other bird species known as “Bellbirds”:

Other Web Resources:  HoneyeatersBellbird Photo Gallery

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Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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