Backyard Birds

White-crowned Pigeons

The White-crowned Pigeons (Patagioenas leucocephala), sometimes still Columba leucocephala; see Johnson et al., 2001) is a member of the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons).

Distribution / Range:

It is a resident breeder mainly in the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Antigua. It breeds in smaller numbers in Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Anguilla, and other Caribbean islands. It also breeds along the Caribbean coast of Central America. In the United States, it is found only in the Florida Keys and the southern tip of mainland Florida.

The main threat to this species is hunting. In Florida, a major cause of mortality is collision with man-made objects.

(Columbidae – Please see also Doves)

Pigeon InformationPigeon Intelligence & Amazing FactsSpecies / BreedsBreed Photo Gallery


The White-crowned Pigeons are 29 cm long, have a wingspan of 48 cm, and weigh 150 g. The adult is dark grey, with green and white bars on the nape, a brilliant white crown to the head, a white iris, and a pale-tipped red bill.

Juveniles are a less dark shade of grey, lack the nape pattern and white iris, and show only a few pale feathers on the crown.

Call / Vocalization:

The song is a Mourning Dove-like woo-pop woooo woo-pop wooo.


Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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