Backyard Birds

Puerto Rican Bullfinches

The Puerto Rican Bullfinch (Loxigilla portoricensis) is a small Bullfinch tanager endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico and one of 3 species belonging to the genus Loxigilla. These were formerly considered Emberizidae.



The Puerto Rican Bullfinch has black feathers with red areas above the eyes, around its throat, and underneath the tail’s base.

The species measures from 17 to 19 cm and weighs approximately 32 grams.

Distribution / Range

The species can be commonly found in heavy forests throughout Puerto Rico, except on the easternmost tip of the island.

A subspecies, Loxigilla portoricensis grandis, endemic to St. Kitts and Barbuda was last collected in 1929 and is presently considered extinct.


Diet / Feeding

It consumes seeds, fruits, insects, and spiders.

Breeding / Nesting

The nest is spherical, with an entrance on the side. Typically three light green eggs are laid.


  • Oberle, Mark (2003). Las aves de Puerto Rico en fotografĂ­as. Editorial Humanitas. ISBN 0-9650104-2-2. (Spanish)

Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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