Wild Birds

Long-toed Lapwings

Long-toed Lapwings (Vanellus crassirostris)

The Long-toed Lapwings (Vanellus crassirostris) are African birds found in Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Long-toed Lapwings Standing on the Rock
Long-toed Lapwings Standing on the Rock

Within their range, this species is mostly sedentary (non-migratory) except for
some seasonal movements at the height of the dry season to wetland areas.

The Long-toed Lapwings typically occur in small flocks of 10 – 40 individuals. However, in favored feeding areas – such as on flooded grasslands or in other wetland areas – up to 100 of them may congregate.

During the breeding season, pairs separate from the flock as they concentrate on the task of raising young. They make their nests on shallow scrapes in the mud along the water’s edge, in shallow depressions in short grasses, or on floating vegetation.

Long-toed Lapwings Side View
Long-toed Lapwings Side View

These birds are typically associated with lakes, pools, ponds, and canals with floating vegetation. They also forage on marshes, in swamps, and slow-flowing rivers, grass-covered floodplains, water meadows, and flooded rice fields.


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Gordon Ramel

Gordon is an ecologist with two degrees from Exeter University. He's also a teacher, a poet and the owner of 1,152 books. Oh - and he wrote this website.

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